Dungeons&Dragons 1st Edition and 0eGrundsätzlich Fantasy (Greyhawk)¸ es gibt aber auch diverse Szenarien für andere Genres. Der Großvater aller Rollenspiele entstand bereits "75 unter der Führung von Gary Gygax¸ der dann auch TSR mitbegründete. Wurde mitte der Achtziger vom "Advanced" D&D abgelöst und erlebt heute in der dritten Version (D20) ein Revival.
The original fantasy role-playing game¸ a swords-and-sorcery genre game vaguely based on Tolkien¸ Howard¸ and Lieber. The first edition in 1973 was an add-on to Guidon Games'Chainmailminiatures rules. It was a boxed set with three booklets (Men & Magic¸ Monsters & Treasure¸ and The Underworld and Wilderness Adventures). This used the term hobbits which was changed to halflings in the reprint after a clash with the Tolkien estate.
Later¸ afterAD&Dwas released¸ the Basic Set was re-introduced as an easier first introduction to AD&D¸ covering only levels 1-3. Races were simplified to each be their own class (i.e. so elves are elf class instead of being forced to be mixed Fighting Man / Magic-user). In 1980 this was then expanded into a separate line of game sets: Basic / Expert / Companion / Master / Immortal. The first two sets went through several editions¸ and then the first 4 sets were later collected and edited into the Rules Cyclopedia. This line was dropped in the mid-90's.
The 3rd edition is really a new edition ofAD&Dwith a wholly redesigned system¸ known as the D20 System. The Adventure Game is a standalone boardgame with 8 pregenerated characters along with 3 premade adventures and random dungeon generators¸ but with no character generation rules. - A description fromdarkshire.netwith kind permission of John H. Kim